He was also honored with the Grand Prize for Graphic Work at the 1954 Venice Biennale, and was included in the first documenta exhibition in Kassel the following year. The sculpture was dedicated in 1983, just months before Miró’s death. Upon completing his studies, Miró took a position as an accounting clerk, but did not fare well in the office environment; he reportedly suffered a nervous breakdown, followed by a bout of typhoid fever. If you interested in learning more about one of Spain’s greatest artists, we present these five incredible facts that you may not know about Joan Miró. 21 Facts About Joan Miró 1. The following are nine facts about one of Spain’s most treasured artists. Joan Miró was born the first son of Michel Miró Adziras and Dolores Ferra on April 20, 1893, in Montroig near Barcelona, Spain. Born in Barcelona, his father was a silversmith and watchmaker and his mother the daughter of a cabinet maker from Palma the Mallorca. It is worth it to see the the south-western part of the Parc de Joan Miró. Thus, at age 14, he enrolled in business school (concurrently studying art at La Lonja’s Escuela Superior de Artes Industriales y Bellas Artes). His famous series of paintings called Blue I, II and III are a great example of this kind of work. Featuring works indebted to the Fauves and Cézanne, the exhibition was panned by critics and the public alike; not a single painting was sold. [ editar datos en Wikidata ] Joan Miró i Ferrà (Barcelona, 20 de abril de 1893 - Palma de Mallorca, 25 de diciembre de 1993) fue un pintor, escultor, grabador y ceramista español, considerado uno de los máximos representantes del surrealismo. As Nazi forces began invading France, he found himself retreating to a uniquely private universe in his art. Picasso, the extroverted salesman, mentored Miró in Paris and they went on to become life-long friends. Miro showed artistic promise from a young age. Although he lived in Paris for several years and spent his late career in Palma de Mallorca, Miró remained devoutly committed to his Catalan roots. Although he was uncomfortable aligning himself with “isms,” Miró is regarded as one of the most important Surrealists. When Miró died in 1983 at the age of 90, he was remembered in his New York Times obituary as having left an “ineffaceable mark upon his century.”. Although Miródid poorly at school, he began drawing regularly at the age of eight. Miró’s parents gave him the same advice many parents still give to their children these days: being an artist does not guarantee an easy living. The monumental mural, depicting a powerful figure wielding a sickle, was lost or destroyed the following year; only a few black and white photographs survive today. She is my guardian angel.”. Unable to return to Barcelona, Miró found himself “paralyzed by the general feeling of terror,” and described feeling “uprooted and nostalgic for my country.” While he had previously avoided explicitly political themes in his work, this tumultuous period revealed his support for Spain’s Republican government and opposition to Franco. Nevertheless, he participated in the first Surrealist exhibition in 1925, and Bréton hailed him as “the most Surrealist of us all.” Indeed, Miró’s fantastical symbolic language of semi-abstracted, biomorphic forms and his innovative use of line, shape and color represent some of the most significant contributions to the Surrealist oeuvre. Working well into his old age, Miró’s artistic curiosity and inventiveness never ceased; in 1974, he was commissioned to create a monumental tapestry for New York’s World Trade Center, which hung the lobby of the South Tower until it was destroyed in the September 11th attacks of 2001. Miró disliked the name and hoped that the Foundation would serve as “a pretext for those who come after,” rather than a monument to his own body of work. There are squiggles, strange animals and a fish lying on a table. Like so many artists of the time, Miró was drawn to Paris in the 1920s, mainly by fascination with the emerging worlds of cubism and surrealism. 8–15 December 2020 | 2:00 PM CET | Zurich, 4–16 December 2020 | 3:00 PM EST | New York, 10–17 December 2020 | 3:00 PM CET | Milan, El Somriure al peu de l'escala. The foundation, located on the mountain of Montjuïc, became a repository for much of Miró’s work, and continues to honor the artist and his legacy. A museum dedicated to his work, the Fundación Joan Miró, was opened in Barcelona in 1975. Joan Miro, The Morning Star (from Constellations), 1940, Fundacio Joan Miro, Barcelona Between 1940 and 1941, Miro created the twenty-three gouache series Constellations . He came from a long line of hardworking craftsmen, and his father also worked as a goldsmith and a watchmaker. In 1923 Miró sold one of his most famous pieces of art to Ernest Hemingway (Mrs. Hemingway received La Masía, or The Farm, as a present for her birthday). Catálogo de obras Clasificación de obras de Joan Miró. The son in question happened to be Pablo Picasso, and the mother’s reply was for him to bring Picasso cake. Other works are presents from his wife Pilar Juncosa, Joan Prats und Kazumasa Katsutas. Refused to stick to one style of painting for to long and explored many different mediums like clay, water color, and ceramics. Just a year earlier, Miró, who was based between Paris and Spain, had begun work on The Tilled Field (1923) and The Hunter (Catalan Landscape) (1923–4), paintings whose fantastical, lyrical fields of uncanny references—swirling, abstract forms, floating body parts, and distorted animals—aligned closely with the concerns of the Gouache et encre de Chine sur carton, 20 x 34 cm. To allow us to provide a better and more tailored experience please click "OK", Fundació Joan Miró | © Paul Stevenson/Flickr, The Fundació Joan Miró has one of the largest collections of Miró’s art, s/n Parc de Montjuïc, Barcelona, Catalunya, 8038, Spain. Ver más ideas sobre cuadros de miro, joan miró, miro pinturas. Nacido en Barcelona, su padre era orfebre y relojero y su madre era hija de un ebanista de Palma de Mallorca. 0. 0. Some titles of his work at that time were “The Policeman,” “Head of a Catalan Peasant,” and “Dog Barking at the Moon.” By the 1930s, Joan Miro explored art beyond the canvas. Miró and Juncosa married in 1929, and the following year, their only daughter, Maria Dolors Miró, was born. Learn about Joan Miró: his birthday, what he did before fame, his family life, fun trivia facts, popularity rankings, and more. His work is also considered a precursor to Abstract Expressionism thus making him an essential part of the two most dominant art movements of the twentieth century. Uno de los artistas catalanes más influyentes del siglo XX, Joan Miró (1893-1983) provenía de una larga línea de artesanos trabajadores antes de convertirse finalmente en uno. He said that he worked like a gardener on his art, and at age 82 he could still be found in his atelier, ploughing, digging, perforating, watering and even scorching. 2) In the early 1920s, Miro traveled to Paris and it was there that he met, and was inspired … Using the image of a Catalan peasant as an alter-ego of sorts, Miró expressed his deep connection to his homeland: in The Hunter (1923-24), the titular figure, wearing a traditional red barretina, floats across a landscape evoking elements of the family farm in Mont-roig, with French, Catalan and Spanish flags in the background. Miró knew Pilar Juncosa from childhood; his mother and hers (a cousin of Miró’s grandmother) were brought up together when the latter was orphaned. While he felt an affinity with Bréton’s concept of “psychic automatism” – a practice Miró would incorporate throughout his long career – he was less interested in manifestos. Known for his work in the Surrealism art movement and for being a forefather of the Abstract Expressionism art movement, Joan Miro is considered a revolutionary painter. In 1937, Miró was commissioned to decorate the Spanish Pavilion at the Paris World’s Fair (along with Picasso, who created Guernica in response to the bombing of the town of the same name), painting The Reaper (Catalan Peasant in Revolt). He became part of the Lost Generation, a group of young men and women who felt disillusioned with the curious post-war world they lived in. In his work at that time, he explored the symbolism and dreamlike content. The two remained together until his death in 1983. Luckily, this was not the only tapestry Miró made, and some of his other tapestries are on show at The Fundació. Shortly after moving to Paris in 1920, Miró befriended André Breton, Max Ernst, Jean Arp, André Masson … No one else has been able to paint these two very opposing things.” One of his first paintings to celebrate his Catalan identity, Miró’s depiction of his family farm in Mont-roig is remarkable for its unique amalgamation of carefully observed realist detail within the abstracted spatial vocabulary of Cubism. Emerging from the artist’s unique iconographic universe, the suggestively phallic form features a long vertical incision that clearly alludes to the femininity of its subject. He did not belong to any of the artistic movements of the twentieth century, although he was close for some time with the surrealists. When he was about 17, Miró atten… From collage and sculpture to prints and wood reliefs, Miró experimented tirelessly throughout his career. The culmination of his growing stylistic departure from the post-Impressionist influence, Miró considered The Farm (1921-22) his first masterpiece – a sentiment which was wholeheartedly shared by his friend Ernest Hemingway. However, his primary aim in establishing the museum was to promote the work of young experimental artists. Even great artists have their heroes! Habitually clad in dark business suits, he was known to be taciturn and disciplined, with his friend and biographer Jacques Dupin remarking on his ability to conduct a life “utterly free of disorder or excess.”. However, Miró’s paintings show movement, and each section tells a little story. In 1924 Joan Miro became one of the Surrealists. Joan Miro was also working with ballet companies in creating the sets as well as the costumes for their productions. Inspired by Cubist and surrealist exhibitions from abroad, Miró began his career as an accountant, abandoning the business world completely for art after suffering a … Averse to the risks involved, his parents did not want him to become an artist. Joan Miró was one of the most representative Catalonian painters of the 20th century The majority of the 11,000 artworks on display were donated by Miró The building that houses the museum was designed by one of Miró's best friends, Josep Lluí­s Sert Incluso a la edad de 82 años, todavía se le podía encontrar pintar con los dedos en su atelier. He died of heart disease in Palma, Majorca. Born in Barcelona, his father was a silversmith and watchmaker and his mother the daughter of a cabinet maker from Palma the Mallorca. Departing from the figurative style of his earliest work, Miró’s output from 1925-27, sometimes described as “poetry-paintings,” evoked the enigmatic world of dreams. Around this time, he also began experimenting with lithography and etching, and from 1954-58, concentrated almost exclusively in ceramics and prints. 4. Following a successful 1928 exhibition in Paris, Miró remarked: “I understood the dangers of success and felt that, rather than dully exploiting it, I must launch into new ventures…I feel a great desire to put off those who believe in me.” Soon thereafter, he visited the Netherlands for the first time, gravitating toward the genre paintings of Jan Steen and Hendrick Sorgh. One of the most influential Catalan­-born artists of the 20th century, Joan Miró (1893-­1983) came from a long line of hardworking craftsmen before eventually becoming one himself. But Miró had another and maybe even more important reason for his move. Joan Miro's art is known for its fun colors and interesting look at life. You can unsubscribe from Sotheby’s emails at any time by clicking the “Manage your Subscriptions” link in any of your emails. Vers 1970, Suites pour Ubu Roi: One Plate (Mourlot 465; see Cramer Books 108), Homentage à Joan Prats (M. 705; C. bks 153), Affiche pour l'Exposition Peintres sur Papier, Dessins (M. 737), 19 June 2012 | Sale price: 23,561,250 GBP, 21 June 2017 | Sale price: 24,571,250 GBP, JOAN MIRÓ | PEINTURE (FEMME AU CHAPEAU ROUGE), 28 July 2020 | Sale price: 23,718,350 GBP, 19 June 2019 | Sale price: 12,000,000 GBP, Impressionist & Modern Art Evening Sale, 4 November 2015 | Sale price: 13,410,000 USD, The Collection of A. Alfred Taubman: Masterworks, 5 February 2013 | Sale price: 8,441,250 GBP, 7 November 2007 | Sale price: 10,401,000 USD, L'Oiseau encerclant d'or étincelant la pensée du poète, Raising The Bar: Masterworks from the Collection of Morton and Barbara Mandel, 5 February 2013 | Sale price: 5,865,250 GBP. The ballet’s composer, Constant Lambert, also disapproved of the artists’ participation, though for different reasons; he berated the nontraditional production design as the work of “tenth-rate painters from an imbecile group called the Surrealists.” The experience did not deter Miró, and in 1932, he reprised his role as a designer for a production of Jeux d’enfants, mounted by the Ballets Russes de Monte-Carlo. Miró was visiting Paris with his family in 1936 when the Spanish Civil War broke out. Sotheby’s New York Cross-Category Evening SaleBrings Global Sales ofImpressionist, Modern & Contemporary Art toRunning Total of More Than $2.75 Billion, Important Works on Paper from Picasso and Degas, SOTHEBY’S TO PRESENT: TOTEMS TWO EXTREMELY RARE AND MONUMENTAL MASTERWORKSBY GIORGIO DE CHIRICO AND MAN RAY, SOTHEBY’S TO AUCTION WORKS ON BEHALF OF THE BROOKLYN MUSEUM THIS FALL, SOTHEBY’S ANNOUNCES Fall Marquee New York Evening Sales of Contemporary and Impressionist & Modern Art Will Be Livestreamed to the World On 28 October, Contemporary and Impressionist & Modern Art Auctions Will Be Livestreamed on 28 October, Wu Guanzhong and Sanyu's Museum Quality Works to Lead Sotheby's Hong Kong Modern Art Autumn Sales Series 2020, Rembrandt to Richter: Sotheby’s Flagship Summer Sale Series, SOTHEBY’S JUNE 2020 AUCTIONS OF CONTEMPORARY AND IMPRESSIONIST & MODERN ARTACHIEVE $431.3 MILLIONSeries of 5 Evening & Day Auctions Is 85% Sold. He began to draw when he was about 8 years old. Joan Miró, (born April 20, 1893, Barcelona, Spain—died December 25, 1983, Palma, Majorca), Catalan painter who combined abstract art with Surrealist fantasy. The disastrous reception eventually prompted Miró to leave Barcelona for Paris in 1920. Executed at the height of Surrealism, the painting is a striking example of Miró’s pioneering style of poetic abstraction. 10 Interesting Facts about Joan Miro 1) Joan Miro's artwork was inspire by Cezanne and van Gogh , and he felt drawn to the Cubist and Surrealist artists who were working in Paris. Even though his family loved the arts and Miró didn't do well in school, his parents wanted him to go into business. One of the most influential Catalan­-born artists of the 20th century, Joan Miró (1893-­1983) came from a long line of hardworking craftsmen before eventually becoming one himself. Joan Miró i Ferrà (Barcelona, 20 de abril de 1893-Palma de Mallorca, 25 de diciembre de 1983) fue un pintor, escultor, grabador y ceramista español, considerado uno de los máximos representantes del surrealismo.En su obra reflejó su interés en el subconsciente, en lo «infantil» y en la … In 1907 he attended the Lonja School of Fine Arts in Barcelona where he received enc… 02-ago-2020 - Explora el tablero de Silvia "Cuadros de miro" en Pinterest. When he was only seven, Miro attended drawing classes, and he … A common myth around the story of the Impressionist pointers was that they executed their work entirely en plein air. Joan Miró (1935). His full name is Joan Miró i Ferrà. The ballet— considered bourgeois by Bréton and other die-hard Surrealists— was met with protest when it opened in Paris. The oldest son of Michel Miró Adziras and Dolores Ferra, who were both artists. Joan Miró was born on April 20, 1893, in Montroig, near Barcelona, Spain. Joan Miró was born the first son of Michel Miró Adziras and Dolores Ferra on April 20, 1893, in Montroig near Barcelona, Spain. It has in it all that you feel about Spain when you are there and all that you feel when you are away and cannot go there. Receive the best from Sotheby’s delivered to your inbox. Paris was where he began focusing on the imaginary, and the time between the 1920s and 1950s would become a fertile period of innovation for him. La Masía is a view of his parents’ farm in Mont-riog del Camp, a village near Tarragona in Catalonia. Realizing that he was not cut out for this type of work, he decided to follow his heart and dedicate his life to art – in 1912 he joined the Gali Art Academy in Barcelona. At the young age of 7, Joan Miró attended his first drawing class. Painting merely serves as a cloak for their emaciated philosophical systems.”. KADART. Of his wife, Miró once said: “[She] is the ideal companion for me. The artist relinquished the majority of his works to the foundation. Never before had Joan Miró created a tapestry when he was first asked to design one for the World Trade Center in New York. Buscador avanzado. His father, Miquel Miró Adzerias, had been a craftsman himself and knew of the difficulties. Revolving around celestial symbolism, Constellations earned the artist praise from André Breton, who seventeen years later wrote a series of poems, named after and inspired by Miró’s series. This is the lower part of the park, where is the clear-ambiguous sculpture by Joan Miró. Coming of age during the Catalan Independence movement, politics and questions of national identity were inescapable. Joan Miro was active in some art communities. We and our partners use cookies to better understand your needs, improve performance and provide you with personalised content and advertisements. One of his paintings, “Harlequin’s Carnival,” looks like a carnival with its bright blues and orange and yellow. He came from a long line of hardworking craftsmen, and his father also worked as a goldsmith and a watchmaker. Before his trip, he visited one of his mother’s friends and asked her if he could bring something for her son, who was stealing the show as an artist in Paris. Without her, I have no idea of anything or how to organize things. He was friends with Pablo Picasso ; introduced via their mothers. He needed art to show his rebelliousness and to express the way he felt about political and social events. about Joan Miro. During his period in Paris, Miró befriended a variety of influential writers. The family name “Miró” has an unfortunate history in Spain. Ernest wasn’t the only one captivated by Miró’s masterpiece. Buscador avanzado. Joan Miro | 10 Facts About The Surrealist Painter Born on 20 April 1893 in Barcelona, Joan Miro i Ferra was an internationally acclaimed Catalan Spanish painter. Today, the studio is open to the public as part of the Fundació Pilar i Joan Miró. He was working on collages as well as sculptures. The story goes that Hemingway had to win the right to purchase the piece by rolling dice with one of his friends. Joan Miró (20 April 1893 – 25 December 1983) was a Spanish painter, sculptor and ceramicist. While known for his modesty, the post-war increase in the value of his art prompted Miró to negotiate with gallerists, declaring: “What I will no longer accept is the mediocre life of a modest little gentleman.” In 1956, he commissioned architect Josep Lluís Sert to build an ultra-modern studio in Palma de Mallorca, which he used for the remainder of his life. Returning home with postcards, he created his own interpretations of the old master works, transmuting traditional elements into an ambiguous biomorphic fantasia. Using mass-produced and industrial materials, Miró sought to reinvigorate his practice through experimentation in a wide variety of media, a pointed rebuke to what he saw as the commercialization and politicization of established painting. She was responsible for leading the French Maybe this was just the push that Miró needed to pursue his dreams elsewhere. Signé. His innovative and experimental practice informed the work of Surrealist contemporaries, including Max Ernst, Yves Tanguy, and Salvador Dalí, and longtime close friend Alexander Calder credited Miró as a defining influence. The extraordinary image, featuring the rich ultramarine blue emblematic of his ‘dream paintings,’ represents a high point of the artist’s early career. The sculpture Dona i Ocell (Woman and Bird) dominates this part of the park. He was born in Barcelona. Joan Miró was a man of his word. But it took me months, perhaps even years, of reflection to form the idea.’. The series, exhibited in New York in 1945, were among the first artistic documents from Europe to reach America after the war. Top 10 Interesting Facts About Joan of Arc Joan of Arc, the heroine of France, remains one of the most important women to have ever walked this planet. He came from an artistic background; his father was a watch maker and his mother was a goldsmith. Shortly after moving to Paris in 1920, Miró befriended André Breton,Max Ernst, Jean Arp, André Masson and others associated with Dada and Surrealism. During this period, Miró embarked on a series of gouaches known as the Constellations, featuring birds, stars and other motifs evoking flight and escape. Stay informed with Sotheby’s top stories, videos & news. In 1926, Ballets Russes founder Sergei Diaghilev orchestrated a surrealistic production of Romeo and Juliet, engaging Miró and Max Ernst as designers. (His sketchbooks of 1905 contain nature studies from Tarragona and Palma de Majorca, both areas in Spain). The colossal 66-foot-tall sculpture, commissioned as one of Barcelona’s first major public art projects following the re-establishment of democracy, rises from the reflecting pool of the Parc de Joan Miró. In the post-war period, Miró cemented his status as one of the most important artistic voices of the 20th century. He rubbed his fists or stamped on the canvas with his hands and feet and even laid the canvas on the floor, so that he could easily walk over it. Joan Miró i Ferrà, April 20, 1893, Barcelona - December 25, 1983, Palma de Mallorca) - Catalan artist, sculptor, graphic artist, one of the most significant innovators and experimenters of contemporary art. Two years before his trip to Paris, Miró displayed his work at his first solo exhibition at the Dalmau Gallery in Barcelona, where the Catalan critics and public ridiculed his work. He completed numerous important commissions, including a ceramic mural for the UNESCO building in Paris for which he won the Guggenheim International Award (1958). The Miró Museum and the Fundació Joan Miró The foundation Fundació Joan Miró was initiated by the artist Joan Miró himself and the same year, the museum was opened on June 10th in 1975. He was particularly critical of Cubism – by that time, a widely accepted mode of expression— once stating: “I will break the guitar” (in reference, of course, to the popularity of Picasso). In 1940, Miró and his wife and daughter fled to Spain, the paintings rolled under his arm. the reality being that most of the painting was in fact carried out in the studio. Joan Miro was an internationally renowned Spanish Catalan artist of the 20th century who was among the earliest painters involved in the art movement Surrealism. By subscribing you are agreeing to Sotheby’s Privacy Policy. Joan Miró i Ferrà (Catalan: [ʒuˈan miˈɾo]; 20 April 1893 – 25 December 1983) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona. The fact that I come down to Earth from time to time makes it possible to jump all the higher.” His artwork in the beginning was small, and critics didn’t pay too much attention to it. 2. Speaking with biographer Walter Erben, Miró expressed a withering opinion of those he described as “more concerned with being philosophers than anything else. His full name is Joan Miró i Ferrà. At the outset of World War II, Miró and his family were living in Normandy, having left Paris in 1939. Joan Miró’s life philosophy was, “you must always plant your feet firmly on the ground if you want to jump into the air. 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